A PARABLE ON HEALTHY AGING
ONCE UPON A TIME THERE WERE TWO CHIMPANZEES.
They were twins, but one was smart and the other, not so very.
On their third birthday each was given a toolbox, with a fat-handled screwdriver, pliers, a hammer, a saw, a crowbar and a big knife.
The smart Chimp opened his toolbox and found that he could use the tools, lifting stones to find delicious worms, getting termites from their nests, opening walnuts, cutting coconuts, peeling oranges, squeezing things and generally making life easier for himself. He kept the toolbox in a dry spot inside his cave, took it with him everywhere and used the tools often, always cleaning and returning them to the box after use.
The unsmart brother loved his toolbox because it was the first birthday present that he could remember, but he never opened it and often left it out in the rain.
When they were about 26 years old, they each somehow, on the same day, got caught in a trap set by a trapper who had carpenteric dyslexia: he made all his traps with autolocking doors, but he put the hinges on the inside of the doors.
The smart Chimp immediately noticed that his screwdriver would fit the screws which held the hinges and couldn’t keep his amusement down.
He sat for a while, giggling, then opened his box, disconnected the door with his screwdriver, put the ‘driver back into the box and walked out, taking his toolkit with him as usual.
He tried to set his brother free, but couldn’t reach the hinges, the cage was made of steel, the crowbar wasn’t strong enough and the spaces between the bars were too narrow to let the screwdriver through, so he gave up trying.
The smart Chimp took his toolbox back to his cave and lived happily ever after, using his tools often and keeping them oiled and in good condition.
The unsmart Chimp was sold to a zoo, where he died at 33 from Alzheimer’s disease.
Q: WHAT’S THE POINT OF THIS STORY ?
A: LOSS OF OUR HORMONAL “TOOLS” MAY BE NATURAL, BUT KEEPING THEM HAS BENEFITS
Due to hormone loss, we humans do not maintain perfect control over our functions permanently.
Kept healthy by our hormonal tools, we are fine up to age 25 or so, but thereafter we begin losing hormone production at a rate of about 1% per year, overall: by age 80 most of our hormone production is gone.
Thus the efficiency of our metabolic management systems declines, slowly at first but accelerating over time. All our operating systems eventually become “skewed” to a greater or lesser degree, depending on how our individual internal organs respond to reduced hormone levels.
Each individual, male of female, responds to hormonal loss with his or her own pattern of symptoms, depending on the individual organ’s sensitivity to lowered hormone availability.
There may be hair loss, weight gain, recurrent acne, dry skin, brittle finger nails, allergies, high blood pressure, diabetes, autoimmune diseases, psychological change, cancer, neurological disease like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, MS or other problems. Even our immune systems lose potency, so that we become more liable to infections.
In addition stress, endemic to our modern lifestyle, can trigger suppression of thyroid function as an energy-saving reaction. When this happens all systems lose efficiency, because all our systems need Thyroid 3 to function normally: the muscles (including the heart muscles) weaken and ache, the metabolic rate falls and we gain weight, loss of self-confidence leads to anxiety, fuzzy thinking and depression.
In addition, any pre-existing effects of hormonal reduction are accentuated.
In the opinion of Functional / Metabolic Medicine afficionados, our progressive loss of hormone production with aging, though naturally occurring and 100% pervasive, is a disease; so the resulting deviations from perfect health should be considered to be ill-effects of a pathological process.
From that point of view, natural aging due to hormone loss is modifiable, if not truly treatable: hormonal balance is safely and easily achieved and with inexpensive surveillance, can be perfectly timed.
While most people begin their disabilities at 26 (or earlier), many appear to be unaffected until much later. There is such a wide spectrum of “aging” effects that the majority are able to “carry on as usual” and the ones who fall by the wayside early in life are regarded as poor eaters, unhealthy due to bad habits or simply “unlucky”.
Nevertheless one thing is clear: no-one escapes the trap into which we are born and our “slide down the razorblade of life”, whether fast or slow, is inevitable.
As we age, most of the parameters by which our health professionals measure health remain stable and reasonably constant until some major system fails: tests for the function of the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, liver, lungs, intestines, endocrine glands, brain, bones etc remain sufficiently stable that hardly anyone shows obvious evidence of deterioration.
Unfortunately however, errors are built into our surveillance plan:
 The hormonal balance, the measurable parameter which affects the function of all organs, changes steadily and can be monitored to give some indication of the general state of affairs, is ignored: deteriorating test results are labeled “age-related” and considered “natural and normal for age”, thereby being relegated to the “interesting, but unimportant” file.
Let’s think about what we lose as aging progresses:
– Consider DHEA – it is the precursor for Testosterone, Progesterone, Oestradiol, Cortisol and a host of microhormones which keep our parts working: all our cells, including heart, brain and thyroid cells, need it to maintain perfect function, but in Canada it is on the “dangerous drugs” list.
– Consider Testosterone: quite aside from the well-known “low T” difficulties in the male, “low T” (normal = 20-30 picomoles/Litre) is a huge problem for our females. In fact even ZERO “T” is often found in young women (I had a patient aged 23 with zero testosterone). It is easily and safely treated with DHEA or “T” cream, but is usually ignored.
– Consider Progesterone: it rules the menstrual cycle, prevents PMDD, promotes sleep, counteracts fat-making Oestrogens and is raw material for Allopregnanolone (Q.V., Infra). Deficiency of Progesterone is the usual cause of dysmenorrhoea, but most practitioners don’t test for it.
– Consider Allopregnanolone, darling of neuropsychiatry, which prevents and treats depression, ensures good sleep, is essential for memory, and maintains / repairs the brain (12): Allopregnanolone deficiency is the main reason for depression, especially postpartum, but we don’t test for it.
– Consider Oestradiol: it maintains the female “parts”, keeps the skin young and makes bones stronger, but doctors strongly recommend against prescribing it.
…None of this is news, yet the progressive loss of all these hormones is accepted as “normal for age” and unremarkable. The ill-effects of hormone deficiency are accepted as inevitably due to “normal” aging and we are told to “live with it”!
 One hormonal system, the thyroid, is not tested accurately because TSH, which the pituitary gland sends out when it needs T4, is considered to be the only necessary thyroid test, although it only speaks to the pituitary’s need for T4 and has nothing to do with the body as a whole.
Consider the following:
– T3, your efficiency accelerator, is hardly ever measured and its so-called “normal range” is impossibly wide.
– Reverse T3, produced when the metabolic brake is applied and whole-body efficiency falls, is virtually never measured.
– Many anticancer drugs work by blocking T3, because cancer cells need it (all cells need T3).
 Mainstream doctors don’t test for vitamins and minerals, excepting Electrolytes, Vit B12, Iron, Calcium, Magnesium and Phosphorus. Although we know that an overload of Lead, Mercury and many other metals can be deleterious, tests for metal poisoning are almost never done and chelation treatment for metal overload is regarded as “quackery”.
WE CAN DETECT THE START OF HORMONE LOSS AND WE CAN REMEDY THE PROBLEM
A PLAN FOR HEALTHY AGING:
Age 5-15: Teach hormone information / awareness courses in high school, to improve basic knowledge of the subject among the general population, facilitating the health practitioner’s surveillance and instruction of patients.
Age 15-25: the family physician asks each patient to fill out a “wellness assessment questionnaire” and orders a short list of tests, most of which are inexpensive and easily available.
The questionnaire and tests are repeated at age 15, 20 and 25.
If and when symptoms of aging and hormone loss begin, the tests are repeated and the results are discussed with the patient.
Age 25-35: The wellness questionnaire and tests are repeated every 3 years.
The onset of symptoms, an abnormal test result, or the individual’s concern triggers a brief explanation by the family doctor and referral to a health education professional (a well-paid paramedic, or nurse).
The the HEP reviews all aspects of hormonal balance, to ensure the patient’s understanding of the diagnosis and possible therapy, then the person returns to the MD to discuss a plan for management and possible prescription.
If the person concerned needs, and is ready to embark on (necessarily lifelong) hormone restoration, they themselves request a trial of therapy: this request is a mandatory prerequisite to prescription.
Refusal of advice or postponement of surveillance and/or therapy, is the individual’s prerogative. Healthcare professionals accept refusals without question and without consequences.
Q: WHAT’S THE POINT OF ALL THIS?
A: To reduce and delay body-system deterioration due to hormone deficiency. 
Q: WON’T IT BE EXPENSIVE?
A: It is a lot cheaper to prevent, than to cure. 
Q: HOW CAN WE AVOID OVERTREATMENT?
A: Repeated tests show the effect of therapy and the dose of hormone is adjusted accordingly.
Q: WHAT ABOUT HORMONE – DEPENDENT CANCER, LIKE HER-2 BREAST CANCER?
A1: These cancers need the hormones to grow, but are not caused by the hormones.
A2: Maintainance of DHEA, Melatonin, Progesterone, NAC, MTHF, Magnesium etc deters cancer formation 
Q: PEOPLE WITH PCOS HAVE HIGH DHEA – WILL YOU CAUSE PCOS, BY INCREASING DHEA?
A: PCOS causes the high DHEA; not the other way around. 
Q: SUPPOSE TESTOSTERONE PRODUCES A PROSTATE CANCER?
A1: That idea is wrong. Testosterone opposes Prostate Ca formation & low Testosterone promotes it.
A2: The Mayo Clinic still endorses the idea that P cancer should be treated by blocking T, , but DHEA, or Testosterone, prevents Prostate cancer and can be used as a treatment, in some cases. [6,7,8].
Q: DON’T HORMONES PREVENT PREGNANCY?
A: Only artificial hormones in birth control pills do, not hormones made by human glands. 
Q: AMD IS CAUSED BY THYROID HORMONE – CAN Thyroid Hormone MAKE YOU BLIND?
A: There is a link between higher levels of T4 and spontaneous AMD, not with Rx of T3 and T4. There must be some other factor that we have not as yet found: why would an essential hormone ruin vision? 
Q: WHAT ABOUT THYROID CANCER?
A: The story is the same as for other hormone-sensitive tumours: the cancer cells need thyroid hormone to grow, but TH does not cause the cancer.
For brevity, only a few are listed. Many more are available through NCBI.
(1) The “multiple hormone deficiency” theory of aging: is human senescence caused mainly by multiple hormone deficiencies? T Hertoghe 1 Ann N Y Acad Sci 2005 Dec;1057:448-65. doi: 10.1196/annals.1322.035. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16399912/
(2) The Healthcare Imperative: Lowering Costs and Improving Outcomes: Workshop Series Summary (Book)
(4) Hormone-sensitive cancer: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hormone-sensitive_cancer
(5) Adrenal Androgen Excess and Body Mass Index in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Carlos Moran, Monica Arriaga, Fabian Arechavaleta-Velasco, Segundo Moran The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 100, Issue 3, 1 March 2015, Pages 942–950, https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2014-2569 https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article/100/3/942/2839480
(6) Does Testosterone Cause Prostate Cancer? Stephanie Watson — Healthline, September 18, 2018
(7) Testosterone as a Drug, Johns Hopkins 05/01/2018 Dr Denmeade https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/articles/testosterone-as-a-drug
(8) Bipolar androgen therapy in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after progression on enzalutamide: an open-label, phase 2, multicohort study Benjamin A Teply 1 , Hao Wang 2 , Brandon Luber 2 , Rana Sullivan 2 , Irina Rifkind 2 , Ashley Bruns 2 , Avery Spitz 2 , Morgan DeCarli 2 , Victoria Sinibaldi 2 , Caroline F Pratz 2 , Changxue Lu 3 , John L Silberstein 3 , Jun Luo 3 , Michael T Schweizer 4 , Charles G Drake 5 , Michael A Carducci 2 , Channing J Paller 2 , Emmanuel S Antonarakis 2 , Mario A Eisenberger 2 , Samuel R Denmeade 6 Clinical Trial, Lancet Oncol. 2018 Jan;19(1):76-86, doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(17)30906-3. Epub 2017 Dec 14. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29248236/
(9) Hormone therapy for prostate cancer is a treatment that stops the male hormone testosterone from being produced or reaching prostate cancer cells MAYO CLINIC, April 9, 2021 https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/hormone-therapy-for-prostate-cancer/about/pac-20384737
(10) Birth Control Pills https://www.webmd.com/sex/birth-control/birth-control-pills
(11) Exploring the link between thyroid hormones and vision loss https://blogs.biomedcentral.com/on-medicine/2015/04/30/exploring-link-thyroid-hormones-vision-loss/
(12) Allopregnanolone, the Neuromodulator Turned Therapeutic Agent: Thank You, Next? Graziano Pinna*Department of Psychiatry, The Psychiatric Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States. Front. Endocrinol., 14 May 2020 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.00236